About Colorectal Cancer

How is colon cancer affecting Nova Scotians?

Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in Nova Scotia. Approximately 1000 men and women are diagnosed with colon cancer every year, and about 350 of them will die from the disease.

What are the warning signs of colon cancer?

Colon cancer grows slowly and often has no warning signs until the cancer is more advanced. Common signs of colon cancer include:

  • Rectal bleeding, or any sign of blood after bowel movements
  • Lasting change in bowel habits such as:
    • Diarrhea or constipation for more than a few weeks
    • Stools that are consistently more narrow than usual
    • The feeling that you aren't completely emptying your bowel
    • Unexplained weight loss, tiredness or exhaustion

How can I lower my risk for colorectal cancer?

You can lower your risk for colorectal cancer by:

  • getting screened regularly
  • eating a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • exercising
  • not smoking
  • limiting alcohol consumption
  • taking vitamin D supplements

For more information, visit www.cancercare.ns.ca.